Croatia

Support Schemes

In Croatia the most important supporting schemes are as following.

  • fixed feed in tariff scheme for RES according to the Croatian Electricity Act,
  • national grants from the Fund for Environmental protection and Energy efficiency.

In June 2010 the government adopted the National Renewable Energy Action Plan, as foreseen under the new EU Renewable Energy Directive. A new system started in 2007 when Croatia introduced the Tariff system for the production of electricity from renewable energy sources and cogeneration (OG 63/12, 121/12, 144/12).

Direct subsidies
The Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund of the Republic of Croatia is a structured extra-budgetary fund which finances projects and activities in three basic areas: environmental protection, energy efficiency, and the use of renewable energy sources. It has been established by the Law on the Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund on July 1st 2003 (Official Gazette of the Republic of Croatia No. 107/2003). The Fund has been established cooperatively by the Ministry of the Economy and the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Physical Planning of the Republic of Croatia. The fundings of energy efficiency project since 2009 amounted to more than 16 M€.  More details can be seen in this document (in Croatian only)

  • Green electricity tariffs biomethane taken from gas grid
    There are no feed-in tariffs for utilization of biomethane, but there is a feed-in tariff scheme for electricity produced from biogas. Depending on size of plant these feed-in tariffs for biogas generated from agricultural substrates and biowaste range from 1.12 HRK / kWh to 1.42 HRK / kWh which equals about 15 €cent / kWh to 19 €cent / kWh. For landfill and sewage gas the remuneration is equal to the average electricity production price at the time of the contract. The feed-in tariffs (table 2) are granted for a period of 14 years. 
  • Investment subsidies for upstream investments
    Biogas is recognised as biofuel in Law on Biofuels (2009), but unlike biodiesel and bioethanol still does not have supported price. 
  • Investment subsidies for downstream investments

Indirect subsidies
There is a (rather unpleasant) equality of biomethane with natural gas.
Biomethane is countable for the Croatian biofuel quotas for transport recognised in Law on Biofuels (2009) 

  • Tax exemptions or reliefs
    Equality of biomethane with natural gas.
  • Reduced grid related costs
    No reduced grid system usage tariff was introduced for transport of natural gas and/or biomethane to CNG filling stations.