Total gross inland consumption

Natural gas has an important role in the European energy supply, both as primary energy for electricity production and as final energy. The following figure shows the share of natural gas in the total gross energy consumption and also the final energy consumption in the GreenGasGrids project partner countries. For these countries the average value for the natural gas usage lies by 29 % of the total gross energy and 26 % of the final energy consumption. This means that not only is natural gas used for the production of electricity or district heat but is also often used directly by e.g. the industry or in the residential sector.

In the GreenGasGrids project partner countries the total consumption of natural gas was about 428 billion m³ in 2010. Only a small part of the consumed natural gas is produced in the respective countries. The partner countries depend on gas imports to cover their demand, with the exception of the Netherlands, who produced 2010 almost 90 billion m³ of natural gas, enough for their own consumption and exports.

The same situation presents itself in other European countries. With Denmark as an exception the demand of natural gas exceeds the inland production, this means the gas has to be imported.

Comparing the two figures one can see that the partner countries are also the most significant consumers of natural gas. Other great consumers would be Ukraine and Spain.

Natural gas is either used in the energy sector for the production of electricity and district heat or it is used physically, as final energy directly by the end consumers. The figures below show both the absolute consumption values and the distribution of the natural gas between those two sectors. The shares strongly vary depending on the countries.