France

Status quo biogas plants and biomethane plants

France has a long tradition in producing biogas from landfill, sewage sludge and industrial waste. More than 30 years ago the first agricultural biogas plants using liquid and solid animal manure have emerged. 

In 2002, feed-in tariffs for electricity from biogas were introduced. today we count approximately around 50 agricultural biogas plants, 80 industrial AD plants, 60 sewage gas plants, 10 MSW AD plants. In an other part, more than 70 landfill gas plants are in operation. In 2007, the first biomethane project at Lille MSW plant was planned. Today there is a total of 3 plants that upgrade biogas to biomethane, out of which 2 plants are connected to the gas grid. The main feed stock for biogas plants are industrial and agricultural waste, sewage sludge or biowaste. 

The feed in tariffs for electricity from biogas or for biomethane injection into the grid are considered to be relatively attractive by the key actors.

Existing biogas plants
see above

Existing biomethane plants

  • Claye Souilly / Paris (commissioning 2009) : PSA and membrane with a capacity of 100 m3/h of biomethane at landfill
  • Lille / Sequedin (commissioning 2007) : Water scrubber with a capacity of max 700 m3/h upgrading biogas from biowaste AD
  • Forbach (commissionnig 2012) : PSA and membrane with a capacity of 100 m3/h of biomethane from biowaste AD
  • Lille / Marquette (commissioning 2009 - stopped until 2014): Water scrubber on municipal sludge

Gas grid connected biomethane plants

  • Lille / Sequedin (commissioning 2007) : Water scrubber with a capacity of max 700 m3/h upgrading biogas from biowaste AD
  • Forbach (commissionnig 2012) : PSA and membrane with a capacity of 100 m3/h of biomethane from biowaste AD

Non gas grid connected biomethane plants

  • Claye Souilly (commissioning 2009) : PSA and membrane with a capacity of 100 m3/h of biomethane at landfill

Applied upgrading technologies
These are the technologies used in France for the upgrading of biogas:

  • membrane separation : 2 
  • water wash : 1
  • pressure swing adsorption : 2