Hungary

Natural gas market and infrastructure

Relevance regarding the energy supply system
Natural gas is the most important source in Hungary’s primary energy mix, and ranks before oil and nuclear. The country hosts inland gas resources which cover about 20 % of the gas demand, however, these resources are in decline.

Sources of natural gas supply

Hungary is still highly dependent on energy imports from Russia, and he major share of the gas is imported from Russia (80 %). The main international connections by pipeline are to Ukraine, Austria and Serbia. The Ukrainian pipeline being the main import route while the pipeline to Austria is primarily used for balancing and peak demand. The Serbian pipeline is used for transit and is the only out-going pipeline. 

Ownership structure

The gas is fed into the Hungarian high-pressure pipeline system which is owned and operated by the sole TSO FGSZ Ltd. (State owned company). 

Gas grid infrastructure data

The system is extensive with more than 5700 km in length. More than 90 %of the settlements have access to natural gas. The grid is partly made up of steel pipelines, and the typical operating pressure is maximum 63 bar (in certain sections maximum 75 bar). 

CNG infrastructure data

There is no CNG infrastructure