Netherlands

Biomethane injection is supported by the Stimuleringsregeling Duurzame Energieproductie (SDE+) (Stimulation of the Renewable Energy production) scheme, the most important measure promoting renewable energy in the Netherlands. The SDE+ scheme, replacing the former SDE scheme, provides a feed-in subsidy covering the difference between production costs and income such as energy price. In 2012 the scheme has changed with respect to the financing: Until 2013 the resulting costs of the SDE+ scheme were borne by the Dutch state. Since 2013 the costs are allocated to the public and added to the electricity and gas price. Maximum budget of the SDE+ in 2013 is about 3 billion €/y for new projects (total budget for Renewable energy). There is no separate budget for biogas or green gas projects.

Direct subsidies

Tariffs for biomethane gas grid injection

Green gas production is only supported when injected into the gasgrid, it is a feed-inn tarif for total production costs per Nm3 injected gas. There is a correction of marketprices of fossil natural gas every year. No subsidies are available for upgraded biomethane direct transported to a filling station. However this amount can be brought into account in the biofuel obligation and can contribute to the trade of biotickets in the biofuelmarket. The subsidy tariffs are adjusted annually according to the market price development of fossil natural gas every year to ensure the plant operator receives the same feed-in tariff for 12 years. In 2012 for biomethane there are six categories ranging from 0.483 €/Nm³ to 0.836 €/Nm³. 

Green electricity tariffs biomethane taken from gas grid

In the new SDE+ scheme all tariffs are recalculated to GJs for the different categories and are the same for producing electricity, heat or green gas. For electricity the subsidy tariffs vary from 0,07 €/kWh to 0,15 €/kWh and for heat from 19,44 €/GJ to 40,9 €/GJ. 

There is no subsidy given on biogas projects producing only electricity, combining heat and power or only heat is obligated in order te receive subsidy. It is allowed to combine projects in a so called biogas hub: the biogas produced in the different biogas plants is collected at 1 central upgrading plant and injected into the grid. 

Investment subsidies for upstream investments

The Energy Investment Allowance (EIA) is a government tax scheme which provides support for investments in energy-conservation equipment and renewable energy. Entrepreneurs making use of the EIA gain a double benefit: their energy costs are lower and they pay less tax. The allowance is 41,5% of the investment costs to be deducted from income tax or corporation tax. The net benefit is about 10%. 

For renewable energy a fermentation installation for dry biomass, an green gas upgrading plant, a CHP running on biogas and a biofuel production installation are eligible. 

Indirect subsidies

There are no indirect subsidies available.