Spain

 

Support schemes

Supportive policies in Sweden are generally weaker and have a shorter timeframe compared to other European countries. The single most important policy is the tax exemption.

Biogas applicable tarifs when used for electricity production

Green electricity tariffs biomethane taken from gas grid

None is doing this at the moment, as no special subsidies are in place

Investment subsidies for upstream investments

No info

Investment subsidies for downstream investments

No info

Indirect subsidies

 

Natural Gas and Biomethane have a very low excise duty when used as vehicle fuels compared to gasoline or diesel. The value is about 0,414 €cents/Kwh, arounf 6,5 times lower than for diesel.

There's a supporting scheme for the NG refuelling infrastructure build-up:

  • Up to 30% of investment with a maximum of 60.000 € for the construction of public refuelling stations
  • Up to 30% of of investment with a maximum of 30.000 € for the construction of private refuelling stations

Acquisition of NGVs with CO2 emissions lower than 140 gCO2/Km: public support of up to 15% of market price with a maximum of € 1200.

HDVs

Acquisition of Natural Gas vehicles, with no limit of CO2 emissions: public support of up to 15% of market prize with a maximum of 12.000€.

Tax exemptions or reliefs

See above for reduced excise duty when using it as a fuel

Reduced grid related costs

Nothing in place for biomethane yet.

Direct subsidies

- Financial support for investment for biogas production within Landsbygdsprogrammet (the Swedish Rural Development Programme 2009-2013, 200 MSEK), Council Regulation (EC) No. 1698/2005; förordningen (2007:481) om stöd för landsbygdsutvecklingsåtgärder (Ordinance concerning support for rural development measures). This support for manure based biogas production is up to 30% (50% in the North of Sweden, to a certain limited size of investment aid (1.8 million SEK over three years)
- Financial support for investment for biogas and other renewable gases (2009-2011). förordningen (2009:938) om statligt stöd till åtgärder för produktion, distribution och användning av biogas och andra förnybara gaser (Ordinance concerning support for measures for the production, distribution and use of biogas and other renewable gases) and in the Swedish Energy Agency’s call for proposals text (Doc. No.: 2009-003837) av stöd till främjande av biogas eller förnybara gaser (of support for the promotion of biogas or renewable gases). For 2013 60MSEK was allocated, but this has now been extended by a further grant of 280 MSEK up to 2016. The application pressure has historically been tenfold the allocated money.
- Förordningen (2008:761) om statligt stöd till forskning och utveckling samt innovation inom energiområdet (Ordinance (2008:761) on state aid to research and development and innovation in the energy sector)

Green electricity tariffs biomethane taken from gas grid

Power is supported through the The electricity certificate scheme, where the renewable electricity can be sold to the electricity retailers in order to fulfil a certain quota. The price is market based, currently ca 2-3 EURcent/kWh (market price, changing constantly). The cost of this scheme is put on the end customer’s bill. (http://www.energimyndigheten.se/Foretag/Elcertifikat/). The support is typically too low to benefit power from biogas schemes.

Investment subsidies for upstream investments 
See above
Investment subsidies for downstream investments
See above

Indirect subsidies

"All types of biomethane utilization is exempt of both carbon dioxide and energy tax, while natural gas has a reduced carbon dioxide tax (before 59%, exemption now decided to be phased out in steps 2011-2015) and is also exempt of energy tax for transport utilization. All types of power generation is exempt of excise duties such as carbon dioxide tax and energy tax, since the end-use is taxed. The tax exemption has recently been extended, but no definite end year is yet publically known. It is hoped that the end year 2019-2020 stipulated by the EC will be the final choice.
As an end-user in transports, driving an NGV benefit from the following:
- 40% lower fringe benefit tax on your company car (also PHEV’s and BEV’s, recently extended to the end of 2016)
- Fringe benefit tax calculation based on similar conventional model (often petrol), effectively decreasing the tax imposed
- 5 year’s exemption of the yearly vehicle tax (all clean vehicles below 120 g CO2 eligible
- Taxi companies fulfilling certain ratios of clean vehicles wins procurements and become eligible to be first in airport queues
- Some municipals still give parking benefits for clean vehicles, but most have taken them away. The courts have ruled that special rules only applying to NGV’s is not allowed
- The project BiMe trucks was allocated 19 million SEK out of 100 in 2010, to support the investment (50% of extra costs covered for an number of vehicles) in new dual-fuel truck (Ordinance (2008:761)

"

Tax exemptions or reliefs

See answer above

Reduced grid related costs

Not applicable